Why do you need to have a contract with your personal assistant (PA)?
What is a contract of employment?
Does the contract need to be in writing?
What do I need to include in the contract?
What is a written statement of particulars?
What should written particulars include?
Where can I find more information?
The employment relationship is based on a contract. A contract of employment is basically a legally binding agreement between you and your PA and shows that your PA has agreed to work for you and you have agreed to pay them for this work.
The contract does not need to be in writing, but having the agreement in writing is likely to reduce the chances of dispute at a later date.
Subject to the various minimum rights and protections set out in employment law, you and your employee are free to agree on whatever terms and conditions you choose. Things that you have expressly agreed on, such as to do with pay and hours are called express terms.
You should be aware that there are some things that are deemed to be in an employment contract, whether they are actually there or not. For example, the duty of the employee to perform the work he is employed to do with care, skill and reasonable competence and the duty of the employer to take care of the employee’s health and safety. These are called implied terms because they are treated as being in the contract even if not written into it or agreed verbally.
For information on changing terms in an employment contract, see GOV.UK.
Even if you do not have a formal written contract you must give your PA a written statement of their main terms and conditions within two months of them starting the job. Often, where the employment contract is in writing, the statement is contained within it.
This written statement must cover things like:
- Names of the employer and the employee
- Date when employment began
- The scale or rate of pay or method of calculating pay
- How often the PA is paid
- Entitlement to holidays including public holidays
- The title of the job that the PA is employed to do or a brief description of their work.
This list above is not comprehensive. Your PA must also be given information about disciplinary rules and dismissal, disciplinary and grievance procedures but this does not need to be in the same written statement of particulars.
There is a free factsheet on employment contracts on the Disability Rights UK website.
There is lots of information on employment contracts and written particulars on the ACAS website.
You can find information about contracts and a sample contract of employment on the Skills for Care website in their employer toolkit.
You can find also find lots of guidance on employment contracts and written particulars, including a template for written statement of particulars on the GOV.UK website.